President Barack Obama named Hillary Clinton as his choice for 67th secretary of state on December 1, 2008. The WTO is the only international body dealing with the rules of trade between nations. However, these junior ministers are not themselves members of Cabinet. The United Nations Secretariat (French: Secrétariat des Nations unies) is one of the six major organs of the United Nations, with the others being (a) the General Assembly; (b) the Security Council; (c) the Economic and Social Council; (d) the defunct Trusteeship Council; and (e) the International Court of Justice. She was confirmed on January 21, 2009, the day after Obama's inauguration and is the third woman to hold the position. From them on, the title "minister" completely replaced that of "secretary of State" (with the exception of the brief presidential system that existed during 1918, in which the ministers were re-titled "secretaries of State"). The Canadian Cabinet used to have a Secretary of State for External Affairs who acted as the country's Foreign Minister, but this position was abolished in 1993 and a new position of Minister of Foreign Affairs was created. In the President's case, the Minister-Secretary of State also provides assistance for the President in his role as Commander-in-chief of Indonesian National Armed Forces. On February 1, 2013, Hillary Clinton resigned as Secretary of State and John Kerry was sworn in as the 68th secretary of state . As the chief coordinator of the state secretariat and other administrative departments and as head of the civil service, he is the pivot of the state governance […] Following the Portuguese model, in the Government of Timor-Leste, a Secretary of State (Sekretáriu Estadu in Tetum, Secretário de Estado in Portuguese) is a junior minister, subordinate to a cabinet minister. The head of the Secretariat of State is the Secretary of State, who is a cardinal. De facto such a provisional retirement is lifelong. A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state in its unity and legitimacy. On February 1, 2017, Rex Wayne Tillerson was sworn in as the 69th United States secretary of state. It was only at the beginning of the pontificate of Innocent X that someone already a Cardinal and not a member of the Pope's family was called to this high office. In Indonesia, the Minister-Secretary of State (Menteri Sekretaris Negara) is a Government official of Ministerial rank who heads the Ministry of State Secretariat. His confirmation hearing took place on January 24, 2013, before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Since 1993, some junior ministers have been styled Secretary of State, and assigned in specific policy areas to assist Cabinet ministers. Type of senior civil servant in the government of a state, This and many other government and judiciary titles are often capitalized in government documents in violation of the much more common rule in English to capitalize titles only before a name, when it in fact becomes part of the name. The Secretary-General is the chief administrative officer and head of the Secretariat. In the first Juncker-Asselborn cabinet, there was one Secretary of State, Octavie Modert, who is responsible for Relations with Parliament; Agriculture, Viticulture, and Rural Development; and Culture, Higher Education, and Research. State Secretaries tend to, more often than the Ministers do, hail from a fixed civil servant background or a professional background relevant to the area of responsibility that belongs to their respective ministries. It was then abandoned, until used instead of the title of "Minister" (Υπουργός) for the cabinet members in the 1835–37 Cabinet of Josef Ludwig von Armansperg, with Armansperg being designated "Chief Secretary of State" (Αρχιγραμματεύς της Επικρατείας). The Head of Secretariat will be the Task Team Leader (TTL) for the PEFA trust fund, if the Head is eligible according to the World Bank's rules concerning conflict-of-interest, appointment type and accreditation for that function. The Section for General Affairs handles the normal operations of the Church including organizing the activities of the Roman Curia, making appointments to curial offices, publishing official communications, papal documents, handling the concerns of embassies to the Holy See, and keeping the papal seal and Fisherman's Ring. Secretaries of State are connected to specific ministry, and serve as a de facto vice minister. Asked by Wiki User. In 1814, Pope Pius VII gave this office responsibility for negotiations with all governments, renaming it the Extraordinary Congregation for the Ecclesiastical Affairs of the Catholic World (Latin: Congregatio Extraordinaria Praeposita Negotiis Ecclesiasticis Orbis Catholici). In France, a Secretary of State (Secrétaire d'État) is a junior minister, responsible to a minister or the Prime Minister. The Section for General Affairs is headed by an archbishop known as the Substitute for General Affairs, or more formally, Substitute for General Affairs to the Secretary of State. [10] Since its creation it has been headed by Archbishop Jan Romeo Pawlowski. In addition, the State Secretary provides the President and Vice President with their reports, coordinates household matters and protocols, as well as assisting in the drafting of bills and/or Governmental regulations. There had been two in the previous cabinet, and three between 1984 and 1989. 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