athens geography facts

View of Mount Penteli, the second tallest mountain surrounding Athens. INFORMATION about Athens mountains. ATHENS. The area became wealthy […] Athens has experienced almost every form of government. The center of Athens is surrounded by hills and parks, such as Lycabettus hill, Philopappou hill, the Acropolis hill, and others. Central Greece has more mountains than northern Greece. It contains the countries of Aetolia (famed for the Calydonian boar hunt), Locris (divided into 2 sections by Doris and Phocis), Acarnania (west of Aetolia, bordered by the Achelous River, and north of the Gulf of Calydon), Doris, Phocis, Boeotia, Attica, and Megaris.Boeotia and Attica are separated by Mt. Thus, the Old Royal Palace was the first important public building to be built, between 1836 and 1843. Most popular beaches are found on the way to Cape Sounion, such as Lagonisi, Legrena, and Kalivia. With an average of 416.8 millimetres (16.41 in) of yearly precipitation, rainfall occurs largely between the months of October and April. The left one is a modernist building of the 1930s, while the right one was built in the 1950s. A series of measures taken by the authorities of the city throughout the 1990s resulted in the improvement of air quality; the appearance of smog (or nefos as the Athenians used to call it) has become less common. 2.The Greeks had some strange superstitions about food – some wouldn’t eat beans as they thought t… By the late 1970s, the pollution of Athens had become so destructive that according to the then Greek Minister of Culture, Constantine Trypanis, "...the carved details on the five the caryatids of the Erechtheum had seriously degenerated, while the face of the horseman on the Parthenon's west side was all but obliterated." The Greek Government, aided by the EU, has funded major infrastructure projects such as the state-of-the-art Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport, the expansion of the Athens Metro system, and the new Attiki Odos Motorway. The Turks made the Parthenon into a Muslim mosque. Lycabettus is one of the tallest hills of the city proper and provides a view of the entire Attica Basin. Mountains in Athens are really big that in ancient times Athenians traveled by boat. GEOGRAPHY. 4. Beach in Vouliagmeni, one of the many beaches in the southern coast of Athens, The entrance of the National Gardens, commissioned by Queen Amalia in 1838 and completed by 1840, The Athens Urban Area within the Attica Basin from space. Port Piraeus in Athens is the 2 nd largest port in the world and also the largest passenger port in Europe. In late June 2007, the Attica region experienced a number of brush fires, including a blaze that burned a significant portion of a large forested national park in Mount Parnitha, considered critical to maintaining a better air quality in Athens all year round. Daily average highs for July (1988–2017) have been measured at 34.4 °C (94 °F), but some parts of the city may be even warmer, in particular its western areas partly because of industrialization and partly because of a number of natural factors, knowledge of which has been available from the mid-19th century. Athena, patron goddess of Athens; (Varvakeion Athena, National Archaeological Museum), Acropolis of Athens, with the Roman-era Odeon of Herodes Atticus seen on bottom left. Athens has a typical Meditteranean climate, which means hot and dry summers and mild winters. Interesting Facts about Athens. The Ancient Greek Empire spread from Greece through Europe and, in 800 BC, the Greeks started to split their land into city-states, each with its own laws, customs and rulers. Interesting Facts About the Geography of Ancient Greece. Athena is one of the 12 Olympian Gods who resided atop Mount Olympus.The Olympians are a race of deities who are a third or fourth generation of immortal beings and they were worshiped as the principal deities of the Greek pantheon.The Olympians managed to become the supreme deities after a 10 year long struggle … the Numismatic Museum, housing a major collection of ancient and modern coins; the Museum of Cycladic Art, home to an extensive collection of Cycladic art, including its famous figurines of white marble; the New Acropolis Museum, opened in 2009, and replacing the old museum on the Acropolis. II. Athens, Wisconsin, is located almost midway between both the Equator and the North Pole and the Prime Meridian and International Date line. The geography of Athens has influenced Greek culture. It is also the capital city of this region. The acropolis was the high point of a city -- literally. Localities with a great number of such buildings include Kolonaki, and some areas of the centre of the city; neighbourhoods developed in this period include Kypseli. As an example, Ioannina receives around 1,300 mm (51 in) per year, and Agrinio around 800 mm (31 in) per year. Athens is the capital of Greece , a country of Southern Europe. Most are of limestone or marble, from which the ancient buildings of the city were constructed. (1837), a polytechnic institute, an academy of sciences, several schools of archaeology, and many museums and libraries. It rarely snows (usually every 3-4 years) and some rainfalls may occur in autumn. That time, with the initiative … A number of smaller and privately owned museums focused on Greek culture and arts are also to be found. Central Greece . It’s believed the first Ancient Greek civilisations were formed nearly 4,000 years ago (approximately 1600 BC) by the mighty Mycenaeansof Crete (a Greek Island). Athens is statistically one of the lowest ranking capital cities when it comes to violent crime. The Parthenon in Athens, Greece #2 She is one of the twelve Olympian Gods. The changing of the Greek Presidential Guard in front of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Syntagma Square. Top Greek islands & Mainland Destinations, Most popular Greek islands & mainland destinations. The peninsula of Attica is located in the southern side of Greece and it is surrounded by the Aegean Sea, the Gulf of Evoikos, the Saronic Gulf and the Gulf of Corinth. Athens is the county seat of McMinn County, Tennessee, United States and the principal city of the Athens Micropolitan Statistical Area has a population of 53,569, which is part of the larger Chattanooga-Cleveland-Athens Combined Statistical Area.The city is located almost equidistantly between the major cities of Knoxville and Chattanooga. Athens incorporates architectural styles ranging from Greco-Roman and Neoclassical to modern times. The 5th century BC is known as the Classical Century or the Golden Age of Pericles, the man who dominated on the political scene of Athens at that time. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. Much of the pottery and other artifacts relate to Athenian attitudes towards death and the afterlife, throughout many ages. As a result, Athens has more than a dozen archaeological libraries and three specialized archaeological laboratories, and is the venue of several hundred specialized lectures, conferences and seminars, as well as dozens of archaeological exhibitions, each year. In Athens… Ziller also designed many private mansions in the centre of Athens which gradually became public, usually through donations, such as Schliemann's Iliou Melathron. The Entry of King Otto in Athens, Peter von Hess, 1839. The first history of Athens was recorded around 3,400 years ago making it Europe's oldest capital and one of the oldest cities of the world. Mountains surround Athens on three sides. We use cookies to offer you a better browsing experience and to analyze site traffic. Along with national institutions, such as the Athens University and the Archaeological Society, there are multiple archaeological Museums including the National Archaeological Museum, the Cycladic Museum, the Epigraphic Museum, the Byzantine & Christian Museum, as well as museums at the ancient Agora, Acropolis, Kerameikos, and the Kerameikos Archaeological Museum. All over the city can be found several statues or busts. Athens is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Social Order of Athens; Rise of Democracy; Acropolis . It is one of the most famous cities in the world. 2. The city started to decline in 529, when the Emperor Justinian I closed its philosophical schools. During this time it grew from a small fishing village to the most important city in the ancient world. Named after Athena, goddess of wisdom and knowledge, Athens has been continuously inhabited since the Bronze Age and is generally considered to be the cradle of Western civilization. The centre of Athens was largely rebuilt, leading to the demolition of a number of neoclassical buildings. Homer is a mystery. Athens lies 5 miles (8 km) from the Bay of Phaleron, an inlet of the Aegean (Aigaíon) Sea where Piraeus (Piraiévs), the port of Athens, is situated, in a mountain-girt arid basin divided north-south by a line of hills. The city is named after Athena, a goddess in Greek mythology. Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece. the Kerameikos Archaeological Museum, a museum which displays artifacts from the burial site of Kerameikos. The majority of Greeks (80%) live in urban centres. The crisis eased by mid-January when authorities began taking the garbage to a temporary landfill. The architects of this era employed materials such as glass, marble and aluminium, and many blended modern and classical elements. The peninsula of Attica is the highest-populated region of Greece. Greek temperatures average 48 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter and 80 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer. After World War II, internationally known architects to have designed and built in the city included Walter Gropius, with his design for the US Embassy, and, among others, Eero Saarinen, in his postwar design for the east terminal of the Ellinikon Airport. Panagis Kalkos) at Kotzia Square. Only a few other cities have more than 100 000 inhabitants, these include Patras, Heraklion and … Athens Maps Detailed Maps and Geography of Athens Greece. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war. Write a letter to a fellow traveler about the challenges that you must face because of Greece's geography. 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